Bachelor's master's doctorate system

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The bachelor's master's doctorate system (in France réforme licence-master-doctorat or réforme LMD) is a European educational system[1] designed by the Bologna Process.[2] Its purpose is to standardize the educational system at European universities in order to harmonize study norms in terms of content, curriculum, syllabus, and course credits. As a result of this reform, European universities will offer the following three degree levels, but the names will vary from country to country: bachelor's, master's, and doctoral (PhD) degrees[3]

External links[]


  1. ^ "The Bologna Process and the European Higher Education Area - European Commission". Retrieved 2016-03-18.
  2. ^ "How does the Bologna Process work?". EHEA. Archived from the original on 2016-08-31. Retrieved 2016-03-18.
  3. ^ "Licence, Master, Doctorat : All you need To know". Université Lille. Retrieved 2016-03-18.
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