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Deblurring an image using Wiener deconvolution

Deblurring is the process of removing blurring artifacts from images. Deblurring recovers a sharp image S from a blurred image B, where S is convolved with K (the blur kernel) to generate B. Mathematically, this can be represented as (where * represents convolution).

While this process is sometimes known as unblurring, deblurring is the correct technical word.

The blur K is typically modeled as point spread function and is convolved with a hypothetical sharp image S to get B, where both the S (which is to be recovered) and the point spread function K are unknown. This is an example of an inverse problem. In almost all cases, there is insufficient information in the blurred image to uniquely determine a plausible original image, making it an ill-posed problem. In addition the blurred image contains additional noise which complicates the task of determining the original image. This is generally solved by the use of a regularization term to attempt to eliminate implausible solutions. This problem is analogous to echo removal in the signal processing domain. Nevertheless, when coherent beam is used for imaging, the point spread function can be modeled mathematically.[1] By proper deconvolution of the point spread function K and the blurred image B, the blurred image B can be deblurred (unblur) and the sharp image S can be recovered.

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Deblur software[dead link]


  1. ^ Ahi, Kiarash (26 May 2016). Anwar, Mehdi F; Crowe, Thomas W; Manzur, Tariq (eds.). "Modeling of terahertz images based on x-ray images: a novel approach for verification of terahertz images and identification of objects with fine details beyond terahertz resolution". Proc. SPIE 9856, Terahertz Physics, Devices, and Systems X: Advanced Applications in Industry and Defense, 985610. Terahertz Physics, Devices, and Systems X: Advanced Applications in Industry and Defense. 9856: 985610. Bibcode:2016SPIE.9856E..10A. doi:10.1117/12.2228685. Retrieved 26 May 2016.

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