Honey ant dreaming

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The Honey Ant Dreaming was a mural painted in the early 1971 from June to August by Pintupi tribesmen on the outer wall of the school where Geoffrey Bardon taught in Papunya, Northern Territory, Australia.[1] The principal artist was Kaapa Tjampitjinpa[2] who had the assistance of Billy Stockman and Long Jack Tjakamarra.[3] In exchange, the tribesmen received paint from Bardon. This event marked a major turning point in the history of Australian Aboriginal art, and was particularly important in helping launch the Western Desert Art Movement.[4]

Pintupi elders approached Bardon after observing him encourage his Aboriginal students to paint patterns similar to those he saw them painting in the sand for one another during their free time. The Pintupi elders were eager to revitalize their own painting traditions, which until then had been mainly focused on "sand and body painting."[4]

The Honey Ant Dreaming mural was revised at least two times before it was painted over by a maintenance worker in 1974. The original version contained symbols representing the honey ant Ancestors. This version was revised because some elders believed it revealed too many tribal secrets. In the newer version the original, knot-like patterns were replaced by simple cartoon-like representations, which Bardon objected to. The third version included symbols chosen in advance by all parties involved.

Victoria Finlay notes that "all the versions [of Honey Ant Dreaming] were in ochre colors, red, yellow, and black."[4]


  1. ^ "Papunya Tula art movement of the Western Desert - Australia's Culture Portal". 6 April 2011. Archived from the original on 6 April 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  2. ^ "Kaapa Tjampitjinpa | sell Kaapa Tjampitjinpa | Karpa Tjampitjinpa aboriginal art". Aboriginal Bark Paintings. 2018-10-18. Retrieved 2019-03-04.
  3. ^ 1940-, Bardon, Geoff (2004). Papunya : a place made after the story : the beginnings of the Western Desert painting movement. Bardon, James. Carlton, Vic.: Miegunyah Press. ISBN 052285110X. OCLC 59098931.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  4. ^ a b c "Color. A Natural History of the Palette" by Victoria Finlay, 2002
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