Truce of Deulino

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Territories marked in orange were gained by the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Much of these territories, including the city of Smolensk, used to belong to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania before its union with the Kingdom of Poland. They would later be re-conquered by the Tsardom of Russia in the second half of the 17th century as per the terms of the Treaty of Andrusovo.

The Truce of Deulino (also known as Peace or Treaty of Dywilino) concluded the Polish–Muscovite War (1605–1618) between the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Tsardom of Russia. It was signed on 11 December 1618 and took effect on 4 January 1619.[1]

The agreement marked the greatest geographical expansion of the Commonwealth (0,99 million km²),[2] which lasted until the Commonwealth conceded the loss of Livonia in 1629. The Commonwealth gained control over the Smolensk and Chernihiv Voivodeships.[2] The truce was set to expire within 14.5 years.[3] The parties exchanged prisoners, including Filaret Romanov, Patriarch of Moscow.[3]

Władysław IV, son of Commonwealth king Sigismund III Vasa, refused to relinquish his claim to the Moscow throne.[4] Therefore, in 1632, when the Truce of Deulino expired and Sigismund III died,[2] hostilities were immediately resumed in the course of a conflict known as the Smolensk War, which ended in the Treaty of Polanów in 1634.[1]


  1. ^ a b Lerski, George J.; Jerzy Jan Lerski; Piotr Wróbel; Richard J. Kozicki (1996). Historical Dictionary of Poland, 966–1945. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 110. ISBN 0-313-26007-9.
  2. ^ a b c Cooper, J. P. (1979). The New Cambridge Modern History. CUP Archive. p. 595. ISBN 0-521-29713-3.
  3. ^ a b Stone, David R. (2006). A Military History of Russia. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 31. ISBN 0-275-98502-4.
  4. ^ Cooper, J. P. (1979). The New Cambridge Modern History. CUP Archive. p. 605. ISBN 0-521-29713-3.

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