From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Weiwei Zhang
Born (1977-11-26) November 26, 1977 (age 44)
Ningbo, Zhejiang, China
Pen namevivibear
OccupationHousewife, Internet writer, blogger

Weiwei Zhang (Chinese: 张薇薇) is a Chinese-Swedish author who writes under the pseudonym vivibear. Her stories include romance novels and time-traveling series for young adults, all published in Chinese. To date, all sixteen novels she wrote were believed to be found with various degrees of plagiarism, and the discovery was widely reported by Chinese media.

Vivibear managed to evade discovery until January 2009, and prior to this time, nine books have gone into print and are prominently placed on bestselling lists at all major Chinese online book retailers. More than a million copies have been sold in less than 4 years.[1]

Personal life[]

Weiwei Zhang (vivibear) was born on November 26, 1977 in Ningbo, Zhejiang Province. She attended Zhejiang University of Media and Communications (ZUMC) as an undergraduate, but conflicting reports from the media and the author herself imply that she probably did not receive an accredited diploma from this university.[2][3][4] After leaving college, Zhang worked at the official TV station in the city of Ningbo. Not long after she left her job to marry a Swedish man in 2004. The couple now reside in Sweden.


Weiwei Zhang first wrote, and posted, on the internet The Search for Past Life (Chinese: 寻找前世之旅), a series of stories about a young girl who routinely travels back in time to solve mysteries. This began several book contracts.[5]

She was the winner of several competitions for original stories in internet publishing. In the list of "Top 20 List of Successful Chinese Internet Writers" compiled in 2008, vivibear ranked No. 1.[6]

Plagiarism controversy[]

On January 30, 2009, a netizen on the forum "" accused Weiwei Zhang of copying and plagiarizing.[7] While reading one of vivibear's novels, this person noticed random switches between traditional Chinese and simplified Chinese, which is very unusual given that the writing system in mainland China has long ago been converted to simplified Chinese. More sections in vivibear's books were found to be identical to other people's works, all published at much earlier dates.

The post "Successful Young Adult Author vivibear is a Plagiarizing Maniac" received thousands of hits within the first hours of its appearance. Among the plagiarized works are fan fictions and yaoi stories that amateur writers published online, and well-known authors including Ryōtarō Shiba and Christian Jacq. The number of writers on the Plagiarized List has been reported to exceed 500. The number of works vivibear plagiarized was more than 600.[8]

Due to its severity, mainstream media, including newspapers [1][2] [3], TV programs[9] and news websites soon picked up the story and unanimously condemned what has become one of the largest instance of plagiarism by a single person.[10][11] The Local, a Swedish news website reported Chinese media allegations of her plagiarism on April 26, 2009.[12]

Throughout this time, Weiwei Zhang has remained silent in regards to the plagiarism scandal. Since then, she has made deletions and corrections to her online blog where she publishes her latest book series,[13] removing contents that were suspected of plagiarism.

In February and March, publishers and literature hosting websites having contracts with vivibear responded:

  1. plagiarism. Clean up impossible: portion of plagiarized text too large . Delete vivibear's account.
  2. myfreshnet:Accusations of plagiarism are confirmed; The accused would not give any apology or explanation. Zhang's ID and personal column have been deleted
  3. Princess Monthly:Issues of Zhang's latest novels Fantasy Knight and 101st Time Runaway Bride have been delayed due to unspecified reasons
  4. Core Publishing Group: All unsold books by vivibear have been pulled off-shelf. From now on, we will not published any more of her novels. Please stop all related discussions
  5. Yueduji: The CEO has learnt of the situation; the company reserves the right to sue vivibear should proper authorities judge it to be plagiarism

Queries to the Chinese Copyright Office have met no reply. Due to difficulty of international lawsuit, no legal actions have been taken against vivibear yet.[14] On June 1, 2009, Ji Yi Fang (Chinese: 记忆坊), the brother company of Princess Monthly, together with Hua Wen Publisher (Chinese: 华文出版社), released Weiwei Zhang's Fantansy Knight, which had previously been exposed for plagiarism. Marketing campaigns for the new book present news reports of Weiwei Zhang's plagiarism in various media outlets as a sign of the author's popularity.[15]

Ji Yi Fang severed ties with Weiwei Zhang soon after Fantansy Knight was published. Vivibear then signed on with newly opened publishing company Ju Shi Wen Hua (Chinese: 聚石文化), a subsidiary of Shanda. Doubts about vivibear's integrity caused readers to file complaints with both Ju Shi Wen Hua and Shanda to no avail.[16] As of present, Ju Shi Wen Hua has helped Vivibear to publish three books, Flora, Bloodline Bride, and a Mediterranean travel book called Across the Blue. Flora is accused of stealing plots from Japanese detective manga series Case Closed.[17] Bloodline Bride had been accused of extensive plagiarism in 2009.[18][19][20][21][22][23][24] Netizens who examined the official preview excerpts and teasers of vivibear's travel memoir found a fourth of the book's contents are identical to older travel accounts, magazine articles, and blogs who are written by other people and published prior to vivibear's work.[25][26]

Vivibear continues writing in her on-line blog as usual.

Achievements and honors[]

Before 2009, vivibear placed prominently in the "Top 20 List of Successful Chinese Internet Writers" and was admittedly one of the top-selling novelists on the Chinese romance fiction scene.

Since 2009, vivibear continue to garner more honors. Numerous Chinese newspapers granted her the title "Goddess of Plagiarism." [27] In addition, on November 2, 2009, vivibear was given the Golden Crow GJM Award (Chinese: 金乌鸦郭敬明奖) for her achievement and efforts in plagiarism. The Golden Crow Award (Chinese: 金乌鸦) has been compared to the Golden Raspberry Award. It is a grassroot virtual online competition that encourages Chinese internet users to nominate and vote their favorite celebrities for a variety of categories. Vivibear received 12150 votes, the highest number of votes in the history of Golden Crow.[28][29]

List of works[]

All books have been accused of plagiarism.


  1. The Search for Past Life (Chinese: 寻找前世之旅)
  2. Sequel to The Search for Past Life (Chinese: 寻找前世之旅续集)
  3. The Search for Past Life 3 (Chinese: 寻找前世之流年转)
  4. Girl Who Time Traveled Back to Kyoto (Chinese: 平安京之宋姬物语)
  5. Love Story in the Warring Kingdoms (Chinese: 恨相逢之战国之恋)
  6. Search for the Dragon (Chinese: 寻龙记)
  7. Tang Princess Looking for a Husband (Chinese: 大唐公主招亲记)
  8. Lan Ling (Chinese: 兰陵缭乱,123部)
  9. Legend of the Onmyōji (Chinese: 阴阳师物语)
  10. Fantasy Knight (Chinese: 骑士幻想夜(I、II、III))
  11. Flora (Chinese: 花神)
  12. Bloodline Bride (Chinese: 血族新娘)

To Be Published

  1. 101st Time Runaway Bride (Chinese: 第101次逃婚)


  1. ^ Zhu, Guang (2008-02-20). "(Simplified Chinese) Weiwei Zhang's Plagiarism Scandal Points to Loopholes in Online Publishing". Wenhui-xinmin United Press Group. Retrieved 2009-04-15.
  2. ^ Chen, Aihong (2008-12-28). "(Simplified Chinese) The Grand Beginning of Love between Ningbo Woman Weiwei and a Swedish Man". Ningbo News. Retrieved 2010-10-15.
  3. ^ Chen, Aihong (2007-01-03). "(Simplified Chinese) Ningbo Woman Becomes Internet Star by Publishing Novels Online". Ningbo View. Archived from the original on 2009-04-28. Retrieved 2010-10-15.
  4. ^ aliyang (2006-12-28). "(Simplified Chinese) Interview with Vivibear, Author with Most Votes in First Month of "Author Cup" Competition". Tencent. Archived from the original on 2010-01-03. Retrieved 2009-04-19.
  5. ^ Chen, Aihong (2007-01-03). "(Simplified Chinese) Ningbo Woman Becomes Internet Star by Publishing Novels Online". Ningbo View. Archived from the original on 2009-04-28. Retrieved 2009-04-15.
  6. ^ Shi, Yunbin (2008-04-26). "(Simplified Chinese) First Time Top 20 List of Successful Chinese Internet Writers and Best-Selling Authors". Henan Newspapering Network Center. Retrieved 2009-04-15.
  7. ^ "(Simplified Chinese) Successful YA Author Vivibear is a Plagiarizing Maniac". 2009-01-30. Retrieved 2009-04-15.
  8. ^ "(Simplified Chinese) Incomplete Summary of Works That Have been Plagiarized by vivibear". 2009-08-12. Retrieved 2009-11-02.
  9. ^ "(Chinese News Program) Internet "Goddess of Plagiarism" Suspect of Copying from 203 Books". Phoenix TV. 2009-02-24. Retrieved 2009-09-02.
  10. ^ He, Liangliang (2009-02-24). "(Chinese News Program) Internet Novelist Suspected of Plagiarism". Phoenix TV. Retrieved 2009-04-15.
  11. ^ Jiang, Qing (2009-02-19). "(Traditional Chinese) Internet Novelist Weiwei Zhang, Goddess of Plagiarism, Over 203 Books Plagiarized". Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved 2009-04-15.
  12. ^ "Swedish-Chinese author accused of plagiarism". 2009-04-26. Retrieved 2009-04-27.
  13. ^ "(Simplified Chinese) Snapshots of vivibear's novel Bloodline Bride Before and After Changes Were Made to Delete Plagiarized Portions". 2009-03-14. Retrieved 2009-04-15.
  14. ^ Yu, Yue (2009-02-20). "(Simplified Chinese) Has Today's Literary Circle Become a Nest for Plagiarists? Expert Opinion:Lack of Punishment Is the Cause". Retrieved 2009-04-15.
  15. ^ "(Simplified Chinese) Latest Book from vivibear, the Goddess of Plagiarists, and the Most Incredible New Book Ad Ever". 2009-05-18. Retrieved 2009-06-18.
  16. ^ Zhang, Leijie (2009-12-28). "(Simplified Chinese)Vivibear Publishes New Novel After Plagiarism Scandal". Archived from the original on 2011-07-07. Retrieved 2010-01-03.
  17. ^ "(Simplified Chinese) Romeo's Incomprehensible Death in Flora 2, Storyline from Case Closed Does Not Make Sense When Put Into Your Book". 2010-01-25. Retrieved 2010-07-03.
  18. ^ "(Simplified Chinese) Plagiarism in Bloodline Bride, Prologue". 2009-01-31. Retrieved 2010-07-03.
  19. ^ "(Simplified Chinese) Plagiarism in Bloodline Bride, Chapter 1". 2009-02-01. Retrieved 2010-07-03.
  20. ^ "(Simplified Chinese) Plagiarism in Bloodline Bride, Chapter 9". 2009-02-01. Retrieved 2010-07-03.
  21. ^ "(Simplified Chinese) Plagiarism in Bloodline Bride, Chapter 10". 2009-02-01. Retrieved 2010-07-03.
  22. ^ "(Simplified Chinese) Plagiarism in Bloodline Bride, Chapter 12". 2009-02-01. Retrieved 2010-07-03.
  23. ^ "(Simplified Chinese) Plagiarism in Bloodline Bride, Chapter 18". 2009-02-01. Retrieved 2010-07-03.
  24. ^ "(Simplified Chinese) Plagiarism in Bloodline Bride, Chapter 20". 2009-02-01. Retrieved 2010-07-03.
  25. ^ "(Simplified Chinese) Book Teaser: The Most Luxurious Cruis: Across the Blue". Retrieved 2010-10-15.
  26. ^ "(Simplified Chinese) Side-by-side Comparison of Across the Blue and the Content It is Suspected of Plagiarizing". 2010-09-28. Retrieved 2010-10-15.
  27. ^ "(Chinese News Program) Internet "Goddess of Plagiarism" Suspect of Copying from 203 Books". Phoenix TV. 2009-02-24. Retrieved 2009-09-02.
  28. ^ Li, Gu (2009-11-02). "(Simplified Chinese) Top Three of the 6th Golden Crow Competition Announced". People's Daily, Tianjin Division. Archived from the original on 2011-07-07. Retrieved 2009-11-02.
  29. ^ "(Simplified Chinese) Fly, Holy Bird! 6th Golden Crow Ceremony Live from Tianya". 2009-11-02. Retrieved 2009-11-02.

External links[]

Retrieved from ""