Xiao Tabuyan

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Xiao Tabuyan
Regent of Western Liao dynasty
PredecessorYelü Dashi
SuccessorYelü Yilie
SpouseYelü Dashi
IssueYelü Yilie
Yelü Pusuwan
Era dates
Xianqing (咸清 Xiánqīng) 1144–1150
Posthumous name
Empress Gantian (感天皇后, Gǎntiān Huánghòu)

Xiao Tabuyan (Chinese: 蕭塔不煙; pinyin: Xiāo Tǎbùyān, died after 1150) was empress of the Qara Khitai (Western Liao dynasty) by marriage to her cousin Yelü Dashi. She was known in Muslim sources as Kuyang or Orghina.[1] She served as the regent of the empire for her son, Yelü Yilie, from 1143 to 1150.


After Yelü Dashi's death in 1143, she assumed the throne as regent for their little son Yelü Yilie. She also changed era date to Xianqing and started to rule effectively.

In March 1144, Oghuz tribes reinvaded Bukhara[2] and held it probably until 1148.[1] Later that year, Emperor Xizong of Jin sent a messenger named Zhangge Hannu (粘割韩奴) to Tabuyan, who only arrived in Qara Khitai lands in 1146, demanding her submission to Jin. Furious, Tabuyan executed him immediately.

She stepped down in 1150, when Yelü Yilie came of age.


Spouse: Yelü Dashi (cousin)



  1. ^ a b Michal., Biran (2005). The empire of the Qara Khitai in Eurasian history : between China and the Islamic world. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 48. ISBN 0521066026. OCLC 59353154.
  2. ^ 899-959, Narshakhī, Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn Jaʻfar (2007). The history of Bukhara. Frye, Richard N. (Richard Nelson), 1920-2014. Princeton, NJ. ISBN 978-1558764187. OCLC 71312841.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
Xiao Tabuyan
House of Yelü (1124–1143)
Born:  ? Died:  ?
Regnal titles
Preceded by Regent of the Liao Dynasty
Succeeded by
Gurkhan of Qara Khitai
Succeeded by
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