Southern Uzbek language

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Southern Uzbek
اوزبیکچه, اوزبیکی, اوزبیک تورکچه
Uzbek language in nastaliq.jpg
Native toAfghanistan
Native speakers
4.2 million (2017)[1]
Language family
  • Common Turkic
    • Karluk[2]
      • Uzbek
        • Southern Uzbek
Early forms
Middle Turkic
Writing system
Official status
Official language in
 Afghanistan (3rd most spoken language)
Recognised minority
language in
  •  China
Regulated byAfghan Ministry of Education
Language codes
ISO 639-3uzs
Linguasphere44-AAB-da, db
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Southern Uzbek, also known as Afghan Uzbek, is the southern variant of the Uzbek language and an official language of Afghanistan where it is based and has up to 4.2 million speakers. It uses the Perso-Arabic writing system in contrast to the language variant of Uzbekistan. It uses the Pashto alphabet.[3]

Southern Uzbek is intelligible with the Northern Uzbek spoken in Uzbekistan to a certain degree. However it has differences in grammar and also many more loan words from Afghan Persian (in which many Southern Uzbek speakers are proficient).[4]

Southern Uzbek Alphabet[]

A 1911 text in Southern Uzbek

Southern Uzbek is written using the Perso-Arabic writing system called Arab Yozuv ("Arab Script"). Although it contains the same 32 letters which are used in Persian, it pronounces many of them in a different way.

See also[]

  • Chagatai language


  1. ^ Southern Uzbek at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Scott Newton (20 November 2014). Law and the Making of the Soviet World: The Red Demiurge. Routledge. p. 232. ISBN 978-1-317-92978-9.
  3. ^ "Uzbek Language - Structure, Writing & Alphabet - MustGo".
  4. ^ "Uzbek, Southern".

External links[]

Online Dictionary
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